Economic science, among the tasks to be solved to eliminate economic problems, organizes the search for ways and methods of creating conditions for achieving certain and specified goals, which include both general and discrete goals, the latter of which can be opposed to each other and in connection with by this, to hit the continuous total economic goals. In addition to the internal "discord" of goal-setting, the economy, striving to eliminate or level the existing and emerging problems of ensuring the existence of mankind, is itself a source of permanent problems.
The modern life of the human community is, first of all, economic life, with all the inconsistencies and illusions, ups and downs, stability and priorities, transformations and stagnations, hopes and disappointments ... with all the "economic problems".
Among the set of economic problems, let us designate only two, the first indicates what difficulties economic science has to face, the second is related to the NEC2020 Concept.
1. The share of the state in the modern economy is very significant and the observed trend in the countries included in the top ten in terms of GDP suggests that this share will increase in an explicit or implicit form, through control and direct influence on the private sector. Economic science should study the role of the state in the economy and the principles underlying state regulation of the economy, as well as the behavior of the state in various economic conditions. At the same time, we have to admit and take into account that the state in the economy is a very difficult object to study. Even having determined the foundations of the behavior and tasks of the state in the economy, economic theory is not able to predict its behavior. Economics, in principle, cannot "predict" how this or that state will behave in domestic economic policy, and even more so in foreign. For economically connected and dependent countries on the state-actor, their own economic policy is often in the plane of the ordinary policy - just as dependent and unpredictable. Here it is appropriate to point out a problem that is gaining weight in the state power itself, when its pursuit of national interests (the interests of the country's population) is supplanted by the promotion of private interests and not always from residents of a given state.
2. Economic theory considers the consumer as a rational consumer, and nothing else. Building regularities and calculations does not provide for the consumer, any significant part of the purchases, which, in fact, are interpreted by the buyer himself, when he returns to a balanced state, as unnecessary and even harmful. Ignoring in economic theory a significant number of such goods in the buyer's basket, as well as in the seller's nomenclature, as well as in the list of the manufacturer of these "unnecessary goods", allows setting the fundamental basis of the market economy as a self-regulating system. Is this true? The situation when a significant amount of goods, immediately or after a short time, become garbage, should be accepted by the Economic theory and become the reason for its correction. Economic theory should become relevant and adequate, as it itself requires from "its" non-existent rational consumer.
The problems of the economy include the misunderstanding, by the majority of people of the Economy itself, which can be imagined as a kind of bulky cabinet with a complex and incomprehensible working filling, and each person is forced to accept the presence and undiagnosed well-being of this cabinet, comparing his life with the irresistible processes in it and with him happening.
Article in ORIGINAL language HERE