The territory of the Earth is divided into two hundred independent states, which interact with each other through diplomacy, population movement, trade, financial and other relations. The state becomes such only after its recognition by other states. The state is a traditional organization of political power in a certain territory, having a special apparatus of control and coercion, establishing an internal legal order and expressing the will of a certain part of its citizens, more or less, and not always constant. The expression of will and the protection of the interests of the majority of citizens of the state or the entire population of the country is rather an exception in the history of states of all times than the rule. First of all, the state protects the interests of the ruling class (group, caste, political party, etc.), as well as those of its citizens who ensure the security, existence and functioning of the state itself.
The state is a political organization of the ruling class of the country, headed by the government and its bodies, which have the task of protecting the existing order and suppressing class opponents, as well as the country itself with such a political organization.
In the classical sense, the state should have the following features: the public nature of state power; financial and economic viability; the presence of its own territory and state border; the presence of the indigenous population and their own culture; availability of the state language and citizenship; possession of internal and external sovereignty; the presence of public authorities and management; ensuring the rule of law on the territory of the state, ensuring the safety of its citizens; protection of the territory and population from external aggression and influence; the presence of an army, law enforcement agencies, its own currency, a banking system, a health care system, and so on; monopoly on violence and coercion, on the collection of taxes and duties, on the disposal of state property, etc.
According to the form of government, states are usually divided into republics and monarchies. Monarchy is a form of government in which state power belongs to a life-long ruler and is inherited. Monarchy can be absolute, limited and dualistic. Republic - a form of government in which the supreme power is elected. The republic can be presidential, parliamentary and mixed.
According to the territorial structure, states are divided into unitary, federal and confederal. A unitary state is a form of state structure in which there are no independent entities within the state, all territories of the state are subordinate to a single central government authority. Federation is a form of government in which the territories of the state (regions of the country) have a certain political independence. A confederation is a union of independent states created to achieve certain political goals, usually temporary.
States are divided according to the political regime. A political regime is a set of methods and means of exercising state power and administration. A political regime can be democratic, authoritarian and totalitarian. Democracy is a political regime based on the method of collective decision-making by the majority, with equal rights of participants (citizens of the state). Authoritarianism is a political regime in which power is exercised by one person or an elite group with minimal participation of the citizens of the state. Totalitarianism is a political regime in which the state seeks complete control over all aspects of the life of the population of the state and each of its citizens.
One of the main functions of the state is the organization (provision) of meeting the needs of its citizens, the protection of economic state interests. State sovereignty and legitimacy of state power is based on effective economic state activity and the most equitable distribution of benefits among its citizens. Otherwise, tragic cataclysms occur in the state or with the state.
Economy - a system of economic activity on a certain territory (within a certain community), providing and regulating relations in the production, distribution, exchange and consumption of material and intangible benefits. The economy ensures the satisfaction of the constantly growing needs of society and each of its members, at the expense of the resources available to society and acquired by it.
Needs are satisfied by the benefits that can be acquired or received, can be limited and conditionally unlimited (during a person's life). Goods and services are purchased by a person in accordance with his needs and material capabilities (money). The limited material resources of a member of society determines his rejection of some goods in favor of others, which can be divided into necessary, desirable and investment goods. Benefits received are benefits that do not require payment from their consumer, such benefits can be natural (sunlight, air, water in natural reservoirs, wild fruits, herbs, mushrooms, caught fish, caught game, etc.) and public, that is created in the framework of public or state activities for general use (roads, sidewalks, parks, street lighting, education, medical care, benefits, etc.), as well as status, when benefits are received from a certain person, an elite group, a system, etc. ., for belonging, commitment, dedication, loyalty, etc. Status benefits are provided by the position of the beneficiary in society, in power, in office, membership in the ruling party, in a criminal community, etc.
Needs can arise and change, both under the influence of internal motivations of a person, and under external influence and influence. The need to meet needs, in turn, becomes a motive for the implementation of economic activity. The availability and distribution of benefits at the state level is ensured by state economic policy and relevant legislation. A fair distribution of benefits among the population of the country is possible with appropriate state legislation, the morality of society and a democratic regime of state power.
STATE and "NEC2020 Concept"
The economy of any state falls into decay in the absence of investment - this is an axiom. The concept of "New Economy of Consumption" becomes the reason for the emergence of a huge flow of investment in the economy of any state, the leadership of which has created conditions for embedding the NEC2020 Concept into the existing economic relations on its territory. The "New Economy of Consumption" is the emergence of natural conditions for the involvement of all residents of such a state in investment activities, the transformation of their "dead" financial capital into a source of passive income, an incentive to channel fixed savings into the economy of their country. The NEC2020 Concept is the creation of a broad healthy economic layer of Investment operators acting in the interests of their investors and accumulating significant funds for subsequent responsible investment in projects of any level, long-term and scale. The massiveness of Investment operators, which is ensured by the implementation of the NEC2020 Concept, their distribution throughout the country, create conditions for placing investments in the territories of their presence and the place of residence of people who are the source of these investment funds. The concept "New Economy of Consumption" is a new level of successful professional investment activity of Investment operators, with its constant filling with Investment deductions.
In addition to the obvious economic reasons for the interest of any far-sighted state in the implementation of the Concept "New Economy of Consumption", an equally significant motive is manifested - the leveling of social and political problems in society. So, the involvement of the overwhelming number of citizens in investment activities allows you to relieve social tension through the emergence of a source of passive income among the population, an interest in obtaining economic knowledge, participation in the economic life of the region of their residence and the country as a whole. NEC2020 Concept gives a reason for the transformation of natural human dissatisfaction with the existing situation (whatever it may be, due to human nature), in the desire to improve their financial condition, through successful investment with an analysis of existing proposals from Investment operators, as well as control over their activities and influence on priority projects for the implementation of which their investment resources are directed.
NEC2020 Concept provides unprecedented conditions for a continuous flow of investment funds into the economy of the state. The inclusion of the "New Economy of Consumption" in the state economic policy should be accompanied by legislation, supervision over the activities of Investment operators, state participation in distributed responsibility.
It should be noted that the NEC2020 Concept is remarkable for the interest of all its participants, as well as for the absence of reasonable opposition for those whose interests it affects or could affect. In this regard, the authors of the Concept consider the success of the "New Economy of Consumption" to be predetermined.
NEC2020 Concept , by its appearance and the inevitability of its implementation, informs the governments of all countries that the timely and controlled embedding of the NEC2020 Concept into the state economy prevents the intervention of foreign Investment operators and the subsequent outflow of private financial investments abroad from outsider countries.
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